Borow Tucholskich National Park
Borow Tucholskich National Park is one of the smaller National Parks in Poland with an area of 4,789 ha, and was established on July 1, 1996. The Park comprises of 4,250 ha of forests in the community of Chojnice in the Bydgoszcz voivodship, and 530 ha of water including numerous lakes and the Brda River with its tributaries and streams. The Park is surrounded by a protective zone of some 10,286 ha. The whole protected area will soon be free of any human dwellings; a forester presently living there will move out of the Park area.
The symbol of the Park is humid pine forest.
The major task of the Park, other than maintaining an environment unchanged by humans, is to become developed for tourist and educational activities in the future. These will be centered at the community of Chojnice, which is expected to be a center of international ecotourism. Furthermore, a promotional forest complex with its center in Tuchola has been established. The community of Tuchola hosts the model educational center and the Group of Forestry Schools, which have a long standing tradition. The Borow Tucholskich National Park will be the crucial element of a protection system, which joins the areas protected as parks, located in the western and northern Poland, with those located in the eastern and central parts of the country.
The Park is located in the drainage basin of the Brda River. Both the forest and water system contribute to the unique quality of the Park's landscape. The most representative natural elements of the central part of Pomeranian Lakeland can be found within the territory of the Park. One of the most important reasons for creating a National Park here was to protect water reservoirs, which, due to the pristine water found here, are often compared to the lakes in Tatra Mountains. The Park's borders encompass over 40 lakes (17 lakes with an area over 1 ha) with exceptionally clean water, since there are neither industrial enterprises nor any farms in the neighborhood. The water running through the park is almost as clean as if it was coming from a distillery - the concentration of chemicals in the water is almost negligible.
The Tucholskie lakes are of oligotrophic character. They are deep and many of them are overgrown with lobelia. This means, that their waters provide proper conditions for the growth of the lobelia plant (the relict Lobelia Dortmanna, called "stroiczka jeziorna" in Polish), which is extremely sensitive to the water purity and grows only in a very clean water. In this lake district, lobelia is found in several lakes, all of which are protected by the National Park. There are 3 strict reserves: Bagno Stawek, Jezioro Laska and Nawionek.
The Pomeranian Primeval Forest, located between the communities of Chojnice, Koscierzyna, Tuchola and Starogard, constitutes one of the largest forest systems in Poland, covering an area of over 120,000 ha (1.5 per cent of the national territory). The Tucholskie Forests, which are a part of this primeval forest, are 12.5 thousand years old and remain in relatively unspoiled shape. However, only recently a part of them has been granted the highest form of protection, that is, National Park status.
The lakes are rich in water flora, with nearly a hundred species of flowering plants. Owing it to the presence of lobelia and other relicts in its flora, the Park plays the role of a "bank of genes". Furthermore, in the flora of the Park, 56 communities of aquatic plants, 7 communities of moss vegetation, 15 communities of forest plants and as many as 206 species of lichen have been reported.
The Park's fauna is also regarded as very rich. The following species have been listed:
The most precious representatives of mammals in the Park include beaver, elk (North American - moose) and deer. The beavers were reintroduced into the local waters in 1974 and have lived there since. In the forest one can easily see the traces of their activity - felled and gnawed trees laying along the lake banks. The lakes and rivers are also a home to otter.
- 43 species of mammals, including 7 species of bats,
- 144 species of birds, including 108 breeding species and 35 migratory species, occurring quite regularly,
- 6 species of reptiles (all of them typical for Polish Lowlands),
- 13 species of amphibians,
- 25 species of fish, including the rainbow trout and other types of trouts and graylines, as well as the brook and the river lamprey.
Among the bird species, the eagle owl, white-tailed eagle, crane, black stork, kingfisher, golden-eye and merganser are noteworthy. The rarer of them live in the drainage area of the Creek of Seven Lakes (Ostrowite, Zielone, Jelen, Plesno, Glowka, and Skrzynak with Mielnica).
|Babiogorski NP||Bialowieski NP||Biebrzanski NP||Bieszczadzki NP||Borow Tucholskich NP
||Stolowe Mountains NP
||Ujscie Warty NP
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