CONTENTS

 

Introduction  
OWNERSHIP, THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD AND THE APPARENT PAST  
Theoretical sociology and practice

15

The civil society as an Utopia and as sociological theory

16

The state versus malcontent and lyrical sociology

22

The nation and sociological understanding of ownership

24

The new labour, new intellectual property and sociological neo-classicism

27

The appropriation of old and new classic thought

32

References

36

   
Chapter1  
THE ESTATES OF CIVIL SOCIETY AND STATE  
Hegel and sociological neo-classicism

39

Officials are neither servants of the state nor servants of the people

48

Die biirgliche Gesellschaft, the burgess society and civil society

50

Officials and great and small estates of burgess society and state

52

Officials, the middle estate and the new middle class

57

The concept of class as an expression of economic and civic freedom

61

Estates in the archaic and modern sense

63

Officialdom as an estate of educated persons

65

Truth as a professional skill

66

Ways of transforming the real state into the state of bad existence

69

Officials' and hired labour

70

Estate esteem of the officialdom

74

Officials estate and the privatisation of offices and public functions

75

The officialdom as an estate of the extra-class state

76

The knight-errant (fahrende Ritter) as a type of official

81

The lackey of state (Slaatsbediente) as a type of official

82

Officials and the people

85

Officials and public opinion

86

Is it possible to deceive the people?

89

The idea of officials' estate and the ideal type of bureaucracy

90

References

92

   
Chapter 2  
SOCIOLOGY AND THE LAW ABOUT OBJECTS OF OWNERSHIP  
Ownership and civil society

97

Expropriation of sociology from theory of ownership

98

Property, power and freedom

101

A structural-historical ambiguity of the concept of ownership

104

Ownership relations, relations conditioned by ownership and relations significant for ownership

104

Ownership, practical doctrines and empirical sciences

105

When does ownership arise and exist?

106

The extra-juridical means of comprehending and regulating ownership

107

Causal sophistries in the theory of identification of economy and extra-economic fields of social life

108

Tangible and intangible things (res corporales - res incorporates) as thought fictions

110

The air, the light of the sun and other free goods and ownership

112

The means of production, pop-sociology and pop-economics

113

The intellectual means of production as objects of ownership

114

The intellectual means of material production versus the material means of intellectual production

116

Virtual reality, the intellectual means of production and the classical theory of truth

117

The intellectual means of labour organisation and ownership regulation and protection

119

Ownership and ergodynamis, dynamis of personality and the human body

120

Objects of ownership and deed

122

Money as an object of ownership

123

Objects of ownership in classic and influential, sociological and economic thought

125

Resources and human capital

127

Pierre Bourdieu’s reduction of the main objects of ownership to certain kinds of capital

128

The cultural capital versus ergodynamis and dynamis of personality. On economic reductionism

130

The social capital and the sophism of Abraham and Isaac

134

The political capital versus objects of state ownership

136

Bourdieu's capitals and the transformation of particular concepts into total ones

139

The New Home Economics and intellectual economic imperialism

142

The Weberian objects of appropriation and ownership

145

Appropriation of labour positions and offices and ownership of basic production and labour agents

146

Appropriation of the material means of procurement and occupation and the enfranchisement of hired employees

148

Appropriation of managerial positions and objects of ownership

149

 

Appropriation of political and administrative power versus ownership relations and relations significant for ownership

153

References

157

   
Chapter3  
JURIDICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL SUBJECTS OF OWNERSHIP  
Human individuals, legal persons, gods and sovereigns

162

Common property and property of concrete human individuals

163

Social division of labour and subjects of property. Direct manufacturers and direct producers of modern societies

165

Services and direct production. A concept of vocation

168

Ergodynamis and subjects of ownership

171

Formal and real skills. Professionals and bunglers

174

Subjects of ownership in creditor-debtor relations

175

Subjects of ownership in tenancy relations

177

Corporal and non-corporal state ownership. The sociological approach to tax problems.

178

Taxes and partially expropriating the proprietors of the material means of occupation and the hired labour classes and estates

181

Participation of concrete individuals in the ownership of national and local communities

183

State ownership and the ownership of the rulers and the ruled

185

The non-egalitarian coefficient of social-economic phenomena. The old against the young or the rich against the poor

187

Appropriation of the welfare state by the middle and upper classes

188

Formal-statistical and organic concepts of the class

190

Expropriation of the income middle class versus the expropriation of the organic classes and social estates from the participation in the welfare state ownership

193

The pre-Copemican way of thinking about subjects of ownership

195

Subsidies and subjects of national ownership

197

Domination of public ownership over private and personal types of ownership

199

Stock capital as a modern ownership of the material means of production. Managers and owners of big corporations

200

Real enfranchisement of workers and employees in modem corporations

204

Indicators of employees' co-ownership of corporation property

205

Office architecture, employees' co-ownership and expropriation

208

Lifelong employment, seniority wage and permanent class advancement

210

Enfranchisement of employees in the social market economy

212

Classes of employees - co-owners of the modem means of production versus classes of the typical hired labour. The contradiction of their interests

213

Formal socialism and beggarly common ownership

216

References

221

 

225

Chapter 4  
DONATIVE UNDERSTANDING OF OWNERSHIP  
The particular feature of ownership relationship. Ownership versus labour

225

The means of production and occupation as gifts of extra-human nature

226

Abstaining from production and work as a way to increase wealth

228

Gifts of modem and post-modem human nature

229

Less work but more wealth. The erroneous neo-Malthusian and the Rome Club's prognoses

231

The past generations and foreigners absent physically as members of every nation and producers of its wealth

232

The super-rich of America and the gifts of science

233

Labour as a gift of the employed people. The minimal wage and ownership

235

Not a working day, but a working day and night

237

Formal versus real taxpayers

239

Ways of their labour appropriation beneficial for workers and employees

239

Consumers surplus, worker's surplus, saver's surplus, superadditum of wealth

241

Ergodynamis and the donative comprehension of ownership. Common and private ownership of labour power

242

Gratis goods versus exploitation. Some critical remarks on current concepts of exploitation

245

The donative concept of ownership in social and juridical sciences

246

The utilitarian and dominative concepts of ownership

247

The Chicago Property Rights School, Fichte, Parsons and Smelser

248

References

251

   
Chapter 5  
MICROSOCIOLOGY AND MACROSOCIOLOGY OF SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION  
Real socialism, formal socialism or state socialism?

254

“Class” as a category of social science, an element of practical doctrine, a razor in the hands of a madman and the means of coercion

257

The fate of extra-Marxist theories of class in formal socialism

260

Omnia pro tempore?

263

Class versus labour and ownership. Younger by age but older by thought

264

The relational nature of social differentiation categories

266

The ownership of ergodynamis (labour power), human capital and social differentiation

268

Orders of production and microclass. An organic concept of class

270

Macroclass and great property-labour dichotomies. When is a new class really a new class?

272

The heuristic and monorelational concept of class

275

Microsociology and macrosociology of social estate, quasi-class, quasi-estate and underclass

277

The collectivistic, antagonistic and economic-monadic concepts of class

278

Sorokin's concept of sociological neocolumbism

282

References

286

   
Chapter 6  
CLASSES, SOCIAL ESTATES AND PARTIES IN THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS  
Demos versus idea – spectres

291

The archaic and modem concepts of the people and elite

293

The people versus the new and old Newspeak

296

Classes, estates and absent voters

297

Old schemes and the new order of labour and property

303

Peasants, farmers and the involuntary class-estate nature of the political parties

307

Workers and five types of the workers' parties

311

Entrepreneurs, the self-employed versus owners of capital and the demiurgic class

318

Intelligentsia versus the managerial, regulating and academically educated classes and estates

320

Mental employees without academic education versus the classes and estates of extra-worker, subordinated labour

322

The parties and the quasi-classes and quasi-estates of pensioners

323

Housewives. Labour as a social form versus the material-sensible content of labour

326

The unemployed and quasi-classes, quasi-estates and parties

329

The small is important

331

Adversaries and supporters of burgess society

332

Oligopoly and citizen discrimination

336

The people and the confessional and archnational parties

339

The elites, the people and post-war Poland

342

The attitudes of electorate towards the strong hand rule

350

Final remark

352

References

353

   
Index of names

357

Sociology, Civil Society and State (Summary)

365